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Interventional Pulmonology

Interventional Pulmonology is a new field in medicine concerned with pulmonary medicine. It makes use of endoscopy in testing and treating complications in the chest and lungs. The procedure can be performed by either trained cardiothoracic or pulmonologist .It has the following branches.

1. Flexible bronchoscopy .This is the most used procedure, it makes use of flexible endoscope which the doctor advances through the wind pipe into the lungs where the doctor is able to display images on a screen to be able to assess the condition.

2. Brochoalveolar lavage .This makes use of sterile water which is advanced to the lungs. The water is then sucked back through the bronchoalveolar laverage for tests in laboratories to test for complications such as cancer and bleeding in the lungs.

3. Biospy of lymph node or lung. In this method a pulmonologist advances forceps or a needle via the bronchoscope to collect sample tissue to be used in diagnosis of sarcoidosis, cancer and other related infections.

4. Bronchial stent .Used to relieve constriction in the bronchus through use of advancing a wire mesh through the bronchus to expand the bronchus.

5. Balloon brochoplasty. Makes use of a deflated balloon which is inflated while in the bronchus to open the bronchus in case it was blocked by complications.

6. Rigid bronchoscopy .Makes use of rigid metals advancement into the windpipe to pave wave for surgical tools to pass.

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